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محمد صلى الله عليه و سلم اول العظماء

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    محمد صلى الله عليه و سلم اول العظماء

    سيدنا محمد صلى الله عليه و سلم اول العظماء

    أعظم 100 شخصية

    يقول مايكل هارت في مقدمة كتابه العظماء مائة :



    إن اختياري محمداً، ليكون الأول في أهم وأعظم رجال التاريخ، قد يدهش القراء، ولكنه الرجل الوحيد في التاريخ كله الذي نجح أعلى نجاح على المستويين: الديني والدنيوي.


    فهناك رُسل وأنبياء وحكماء بدءوا رسالات عظيمة، ولكنهم ماتوا دون إتمامها، كالمسيح في المسيحية، أو شاركهم فيها غيرهم، أو سبقهم إليهم سواهم، كموسى في اليهودية، ولكن محمداً هو الوحيد الذي أتم رسالته الدينية، وتحددت أحكامها، وآمنت بها شعوب بأسرها في حياته. ولأنه أقام جانب الدين دولة جديدة، فإنه في هذا المجال الدنيوي أيضاً، وحّد القبائل في شعـب، والشعوب في أمة، ووضع لها كل أسس حياتها، ورسم أمور دنياها، ووضعها في موضع الانطلاق إلى العالم. أيضاً في حياته، فهو الذي بدأ الرسالة الدينية والدنيوية، وأتمها.



    مــــــــــحــــــــــمــــــــــد
    صــلــى الــلــه عــلــيــه و ســلــم



    Adolf Hitler

    Einstein

    Aristotle

    Augustus Caesar

    Graham Bell

    Buddha

    Columbus

    Confucius

    Edison

    Freud

    Galilee

    Ghandy

    Gutenberg

    Newton

    Jesus

    John F. Kennedy

    Julius Caesar

    Lamartin

    Lenin

    Michel Angelo

    Tolostoy

    St. Paul

    Pasteur Louis

    Napoleon

    Alexander

    Joseph Stalin

    William Shakespeare

    Washington

    Voltaire

    Tsailun

    Rank
    Name
    Religious Affiliation
    Influence
    1
    Muhammad
    Islam
    Prophet of Islam; Hart recognized that ranking Muhammad first might be controversial, but felt that, from a secular historian's perspective, this was the correct choice because Muhammad is the only man to have been both a founder of a major world religion and a major military/political leader.
    2
    Isaac Newton
    Anglican (rejected Trinitarianism;


    believed in the Arianism of
    the Primitive Church)


    physicist; theory of universal gravitation; laws of motion
    3
    Jesus Christ
    Judaism; Christianity
    founder of Christianity
    4
    Buddha
    Hinduism; Buddhism
    founder of Buddhism
    5
    Confucius
    Confucianism
    founder of Confucianism
    6
    St. Paul
    Judaism; Christianity
    proselytizer of Christianity
    7
    Ts'ai Lun
    Chinese traditional religion
    inventor of paper
    8
    Johann Gutenberg
    Catholic
    developed movable type; printed Bibles
    9
    Christopher Columbus
    Catholic
    explorer; led Europe to Americas
    10
    Albert Einstein
    Jewish
    physicist; relativity; Einsteinian physics
    11
    Louis Pasteur
    Catholic
    scientist; pasteurization
    12
    Galileo Galilei
    Catholic
    astronomer; accurately described heliocentric solar system
    13
    Aristotle
    Platonism / Greek philosophy
    influential Greek philosopher
    14
    Euclid
    Platonism / Greek philosophy
    mathematician; Euclidian geometry
    15
    Moses
    Judaism
    major prophet of Judaism
    16
    Charles Darwin
    Anglican (nominal)
    biologist; described Darwinian evolution, which had theological impact on many religions
    17
    Shih Huang Ti
    Chinese traditional religion
    Chinese emperor
    18
    Augustus Caesar
    Roman state paganism
    ruler
    19
    Nicolaus Copernicus
    Catholic (priest)
    astronomer; taught heliocentricity
    20
    Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
    Catholic
    father of modern chemistry; philosopher; economist
    21
    Constantine the Great
    Roman state paganism; Christianity
    Roman emperor who made Christianity the state religion
    22
    James Watt
    nonreligious
    developed steam engine
    23
    Michael Faraday
    Sandemanian
    physicist; chemist; discovery of magneto-electricity
    24
    James Clerk Maxwell
    Presbyterian; Anglican; Baptist
    physicist; electromagnetic spectrum
    25
    Martin Luther
    Catholic; Lutheran
    founder of Protestantism and Lutheranism
    26
    George Washington
    Episcopalian; Deist
    first president of United States
    27
    Karl Marx
    Jewish; Christian;
    Atheist; Marxism/Communism
    founder of Communism
    28
    Orville and Wilbur Wright
    United Brethren
    inventors of airplane
    29
    Genghis Khan
    Mongolian shamanism
    Mongol conqueror
    30
    Adam Smith
    Liberal Protestant
    economist; expositor of capitalism; religious philosopher
    31
    Edward de Vere
    a.k.a. "William Shakespeare"
    Christianity
    literature; also wrote 6 volumes about philosophy and religion
    32
    John Dalton
    Quaker
    chemist; physicist; atomic theory; law of partial pressures (Dalton's law)
    33
    Alexander the Great
    Greek state paganism
    conqueror
    34
    Napoleon Bonaparte
    Catholic (nominal)
    French conqueror
    35
    Thomas Edison
    Congregationalist; agnostic
    inventor of light bulb, phonograph, etc.
    36
    Antony van Leeuwenhoek
    Calvinist
    microscopes; studied microscopic life
    37
    William T.G. Morton
    ??
    pioneer in anesthesiology
    38
    Guglielmo Marconi
    Catholic and Anglican
    inventor of radio
    39
    Adolf Hitler
    born into but later rejected Catholicism; allegedly a proponent of Germanic Neo-Paganism; Nazism
    conqueror; led Axis Powers in WWII
    40
    Plato
    Platonism / Greek philosophy
    founder of Platonism
    41
    Oliver Cromwell
    Puritan (Protestant)
    British political and military leader
    42
    Alexander Graham Bell
    Unitarian/Universalist
    inventor of telephone
    43
    Alexander Fleming
    Catholic
    penicillin; advances in bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy
    44
    John Locke
    raised Puritan (Anglican);
    Liberal Christian
    philosopher and liberal theologian
    45
    Ludwig van Beethoven
    Catholic
    composer
    46
    Werner Heisenberg

    discovered the principle of uncertainty
    47
    Louis Daguerre
    ??
    an inventor/pioneer of photography
    48
    Simon Bolivar
    Catholic (nominal); Atheist
    National hero of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia
    49
    Rene Descartes
    Catholic
    Rationalist philosopher and mathematician
    50
    Michelangelo
    Catholic
    painter; sculptor; architect
    51
    Pope Urban II
    Catholic
    called for First Crusade
    52
    'Umar ibn al-Khattab
    Islam
    Second Caliph; expanded Muslim empire
    53
    Asoka
    Buddhism
    king of India who converted to and spread Buddhism
    54
    St. Augustine
    Christianity
    Early Christian theologian
    55
    William Harvey
    Anglican (nominal)
    described the circulation of blood; wrote Essays on the Generation of Animals, the basis for modern embryology
    56
    Ernest Rutherford
    ??
    physicist; pioneer of subatomic physics
    57
    John Calvin
    Protestant; Calvinism
    Protestant reformer; founder of Calvinism
    58
    Gregor Mendel
    Catholic (monk)
    Mendelian genetics
    59
    Max Planck
    Protestant
    physicist; thermodynamics
    60
    Joseph Lister
    Quaker
    principal discoverer of antiseptics which greatly reduced surgical mortality
    61
    Nikolaus August Otto
    ??
    built first four-stroke internal combustion engine
    62
    Francisco Pizarro
    Catholic
    Spanish conqueror in South America; defeated Incas
    63
    Hernando Cortes
    Catholic
    conquered Mexico for Spain; through war and introduction of new diseases he largely destroyed Aztec civilization
    64
    Thomas Jefferson
    Episcopalian; Deist
    3rd president of United States
    65
    Queen Isabella I
    Catholic
    Spanish ruler
    66
    Joseph Stalin
    Russian Orthodox; Atheist; Marxism
    revolutionary and ruler of USSR
    67
    Julius Caesar
    Roman state paganism
    Roman emperor
    68
    William the Conqueror
    Catholic
    laid foundation of modern England
    69
    Sigmund Freud
    Jewish (non-practicing); Atheist
    Freudian psychology/psychoanalysis
    founder of Freudian school of psychology; psychoanalysis
    70
    Edward Jenner
    Christianity
    discoverer of the vaccination for smallpox
    71
    Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
    ??
    discovered X-rays
    72
    Johann Sebastian Bach
    Lutheran; Catholic
    composer
    73
    Lao Tzu
    Taoism
    founder of Taoism
    74
    Voltaire
    raised in Jansenism;
    later Deist
    writer and philosopher; wrote Candide
    75
    Johannes Kepler
    Lutheran
    astronomer; planetary motions
    76
    Enrico Fermi
    Catholic
    initiated the atomic age; father of atom bomb
    77
    Leonhard Euler
    Calvinist
    physicist; mathematician; differential and integral calculus and algebra
    78
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    born Protestant;
    converted as a teen to Catholic;
    later Deist
    French deistic philosopher and author
    79
    Nicoli Machiavelli
    Catholic
    wrote The Prince (influential political treatise)
    80
    Thomas Malthus
    Anglican (cleric)
    economist; wrote Essay on the Principle of Population
    81
    John F. Kennedy
    Catholic
    president of United States
    82
    Gregory Pincus
    Jewish
    endocrinologist; developed birth-control pill
    83
    Mani
    Manicheanism
    founder of Manicheanism, once a world religion which rivaled Christianity in strength
    84
    Lenin
    Russian Orthodox;
    Atheist; Marxism/Communism [Link]
    Russian ruler
    85
    Sui Wen Ti
    Chinese traditional religion
    unified China
    86
    Vasco da Gama
    Catholic
    navigator; discovered route from Europe to India around Cape Hood
    87
    Cyrus the Great
    Zoroastrianism
    founder of Persian empire
    88
    Peter the Great
    Russian Orthodox
    forged Russia into a great European nation
    89
    Mao Zedong
    Atheist; Communism; Maoism
    founder of Maoism, Chinese form of Communism
    90
    Francis Bacon
    Anglican
    philosopher; delineated inductive scientific method
    91
    Henry Ford
    Protestant
    developed automobile; achievement in manufacturing and assembly
    92
    Mencius
    Confucianism
    philosopher; founder of a school of Confucianism
    93
    Zoroaster
    Zoroastrianism
    founder of Zoroastrianism
    94
    Queen Elizabeth I
    Anglican
    British monarch; restored Church of England to power after Queen Mary
    95
    Mikhail Gorbachev
    Russian Orthodox
    Russian premier who helped end Communism in USSR
    96
    Menes
    Egyptian paganism
    unified Upper and Lower Egypt
    97
    Charlemagne
    Catholic
    Holy Roman Empire created with his baptism in 800 AD
    98
    Homer
    Greek paganism
    epic poet
    99
    Justinian I
    Catholic
    Roman emperor; reconquered Mediterranean empire; accelerated Catholic-Monophysite schism
    100
    Mahavira
    Hinduism; Jainism
    founder of Jainism
    RU
    St. Thomas Aquinas
    Catholic
    influential early Christian philosopher
    RU
    Archimedes
    Greek philosophy
    father of experimental science
    RU
    Charles Babbage
    ??
    mathematician and inventor of forerunner of computer
    RU
    Cheops
    Egyptian paganism
    Egyptian ruler; builder of Great Pyramid
    RU
    Marie Curie
    Catholic; nonreligious
    physicist; radioactivity
    RU
    Benjamin Franklin
    Presbyterian; Deist
    American politician and inventor
    RU
    Mohandas Gandhi
    Hinduism; influenced by Jainism (mother was a Jain)
    Indian leader and Hindu religious reformer
    RU
    Abraham Lincoln
    Regular Baptist (childhood);
    later ambiguous -
    Deist, general theist or


    a very personalized Christianity


    16th president of U.S.; led during Civil War
    RU
    Ferdinand Magellan
    Catholic
    navigator; named Pacific Ocean; first circumnavigation of globe
    RU
    Leonardo da Vinci
    Catholic
    artist; inventor


    #2
    مشرفنا الحبيب جزاك الله خيرا على مرورك الطيب وكل عام وانتم جميعا بخير

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