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Frequently asked questions
Q: If I use PE Builder, does that mean that I have properly licensed WinPE from Microsoft?
Q: Does Microsoft provide any support for the use of PE Builder or any issues that may arise with my system or software as a result of using PE Builder?
Q: In what way is BartPE limited compared to a normal Windows XP installation?
A: BartPE) has these limitations:
To reduce its size, only a subset of the available Win32 APIs is included. Included are I/O (disk and network) and core Win32 APIs.
To prevent its use as a pirated operating system, BartPE automatically stops running the shell and reboots after 24 hours of continuous use. Also you cannot start more then 6 processes, this includes the shell (nu2menu).
Distributed File System (DFS) name resolution is not supported.
The drive letters assigned during BartPE are not saved to any registry that persists when you reboot. The drive letter assignment when you create partitions is in the order of creation, but the drive letter assignments when you reboot will be in the default order.
BartPE requires a VGA-compatible device and uses a screen resolution of 800 x 600 pixels. If BartPE cannot detect video settings, the default screen resolution is 640 x 480 pixels.
BartPE is too large to fit on a floppy disk.
BartPE does not support the Microsoft .NET framework.
Q: While creating the ISO image I get a warning from mkisofs.exe:
Warning: ISO-9660 filenames longer than 31 may cause buffer overflows in the OS.
A: That is fine, BartPE will not overflow, just ignore it.
Q: When I created the ISO using Windows Server 2003 Standard and PE Builder was starting up it still displayed the Windows XP splash screen before the GUI was up. Why is that?
A: Yes, I don't know why this is, but I know nothing is wrong. When you check the version you will see it is v5.2.3790.
Q: What's wrong with the ISO image generated by PE Builder? I cannot view/edit/rebuild it with most ISO utilities/programs...
A: The ISO image created by PE Builder is using the (new) ISO 9660:1999 standard.
Specifications can be found here: http://www.y-adagio.com/public/standards/iso_cdromr/tocont.htm
This new specification says that the length of Directory and File Identifier is limited to 207.
So the file and directory names can be up to 207 characters. Most ISO build/edit programs and operating systems (like Dos) that are based on ISO 9660:1988 do not like those long names and may not work.
Even an ISO 9660:1999 image made by mkisofs v2.01a17 (the best ISO build tool ever) did not boot properly. I had to patch it (v2.01a17-bart) before things worked OK.
Isobuster will view/extract OK.
Q: I get this error:
Error: loadKey failed:
A: Do you have administrator rights? Try closing pebuilder.exe and try again. If still fails, close pebuilder.exe and run regedit.exe. Check the HKEY_USERS for any subkey starting with "pebuilder", select that key and select "Unload Hive" from the regedit menu. Try again...
Q: Can I run BartPE from my harddisk where Windows 2000/XP/2003 is already installed?
A: Yes! Very handy for testing...
Here is how to do that:
Run PE-Builder as normal, no need to create an ISO image. Make sure you have the plugin "BartPE Harddisk Installer" enabled.
After building, goto the plugin\pehdinst folder and run pehdinst.cmd <path>. Where <path> is the PE Builder output folder (default c:\pebldr). Select option "1" for installing next to your existing windows (boot.ini).
When pehdinst.cmd has succesfully finished, reboot your system and select "Boot BartPE (by PE Builder)" from the boot.ini menu.
Q: Can BartPE boot from USB storage Devices like USB flash drive or USD CD-Rom?
A: When the BIOS support this right, this is possible.
Q: Why can't Windows 2000 be used to build BartPE? Is there a technical reason for this?
A: Yes, the kernel does not support the "/minint" switch and therefor cannot boot from readonly media... Also the layout.inf does not contain some needed fields.
Q: When I boot BartPE (Server 2003) from a Aopen 952E or 956E CD-Rom drive the booting stops just before the desktop should appear. Why is that?
A: Yes, I've notived that also. An Aopen 952E revision A75 does not work, revision A64 works OK. I'm not sure why this is. Maybe bug in firmware? I do know booting BartPE (Windows XP/sp1) boots OK.
Q: When I boot BartPE from HDD, diskpart does not work. When I try to execute diskpart, I get the following message: The disk management services could not complete the operation.
A: This is normal, when booting bartPE/winPE from harddisk diskpart will not work, when booting from CD-Rom/DVD it should work fine.
Q: Does PE Builder remove the 24 hour time limit?
Q: Does PE Builder remove the "can only start 6 processes" limit?
Q: When building from WinXP, the build fails with errors related to files that begin with "vds". They refer to Win Server 2003's "Virtual Disk Service". How can I get around this problem?
A: Are you including any diskpart plugins for win2003? If yes, disabled it!
Q: I get the following message:
Source files wrong version?
File version <path>\i386\ntdll.dll is 5.1.2600.0 should be 5.1.2600.1106 or higher.
What must I do?
A: You must slipstream your source Window XP files with service pack 1 or a newer service pack when available.
To slipstream your files do the following:
Copy all files from your Windows XP installation/setup CD-Rom to your harddisk. For example you can copy it to the folder c:\winxpsp. Make sure you copy all files and all subdirectories! You should now have a file called c:\winxpsp\i386\setupldr.bin. If not go back, you did something wrong.
The location of the i386 folder may differ, for example when you have a dual boot MSDN cd-rom it will be in \%lang%\winxp\%edition%, where %lang% is your language, like "ENGLISH", "GERMAN" and %edition% is "Home" or "Pro". Other CD's may have it just in the root or in some other location.
Apply service pack to your files using the "-s" option (you must supply full path).
Now use the folder c:\winxpsp in PE Builder as the path to your installation source files.
Q: Are there any other builders like PE Builder?
A: No! Besides the builder from Microsoft, OEM Preinstallation Kit (OPK), there are no other "real" PE builders.
Be warned! There are builders out there that claim to build WinPE, but if you look closely you'll see there are wrapped around Microsofts WinPE builder. Please note that using such a builder does not mean that you have properly licensed WinPE from Microsoft!
Q: When I'm writing a program how can I detect if I'm running BartPE or WinPE?
A: You must check if a registry key exists...
To check if running any PE (WinPE or BartPE): HKLM\system\currentcontrolset\control\minint
To check if running BartPE: HKLM\system\currentcontrolset\control\pebuilder
Q: When I have no mouse connected how can I activate the "GO" button (nu2menu)?
A: Press Alt-M (somethimes you must press it twice).
Q: Does PE Builder support building from WinXP SP2?
A: Yes, use PE Builder v3.0.32 or higher
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